NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA

GENERAL AWARENESS

STATIC GK FOR SSC CGL

NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA
NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA
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providing static GK for SSC CGL exam. Today’s topic on static GK is NATIONAL AWARDS in india. In India National awards are various types: Civilian Awards, Sports Awards, Science Awards, Gallantry Awards, Film
and Music Awards.
but today we are going to discuss about Civilian awards
of India. It will be helpful for General Awareness section in SSC CGL exam.

Civilian awards of India are conferred to
common man for showing distinguished work in their field of work. Any specific
work background is not necessary for this national award. Any civilian who has
shown great achievements in their field of professional work are considered
eligible for this award.

List of national civilian awards in India:
Bharat Ratna,
Padma Shri,
Padma Bhushan and
Padma Vibhushan.
These national awards
have a degree of reputation and honour. Bharat Ratna is of 1st degree, Padma
Vibhushan is 2nd degree, Padma Bhushan is 3rd degree while Padma Shri is of
last degree of honour of Civilian Awards. All these awards are conferred by 
President of India on the Republic Day. All of these awards were started
from year 1954. All of these medals are produced at Indian Government Mint of
Kolkata.
BHARAT RATNA
·        
Bharat Ratna is the highest civilian national award of India, and
is presented by the Government of India for exceptional public service and
rarest achievements in the field of art, literature and science. It was
instituted in 1954.
NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA

·        
Any person without distinction of race, occupation, position or
sex is eligible for the award.
·        
The recommendations for Bharat Ratna are too made by Prime Minister
of India to be President of India.
·        
The holders of Bharat Ratna rand 7th in the order of precedence;
however they do not carry any special title nor any other honorific’s.
·        
In 2011, the Government of India modified the eligibility criteria
to allow sportspersons to receive the award and opened the award for
performance of highest order in any field of human endeavour from the earlier
criteria for the highest degrees of national service. This service includes
artistic, literary, and scientific achievements, as well as “recognition of
public service of the highest order.”
·        
Indira Gandhi is the youngest person alive at the time of
receiving the award (at the age of 54) and Rajiv Gandhi is the youngest overall
to receive the Bharat Ratna (posthumously at the age of 47). Gulzarilal Nanda
is the eldest person alive at the time of receiving the award (age 99) and
Vallabhbhai Patel is the eldest overall (posthumously at the age of 116).
·        
The decoration is the form of a peepal leaf, about 5.8 cm long,
4.7 cm wide and 3.1 mm thick, It is of toned bronze. On its obverse is embossd
a replica of the sun, 1.6 cm in diameter, below which the words Bharat Ratna
are embossed inDevanagari script. On the reverse are State emblem and the
motto, also in Devanagari. The emblem, the sun and the rim are of platinum, the
inscriptions are inburnished bronze.
PADMA VIBHUSHAN
·        
Padma Vibhushan is the second hightest civilian national award in
the Republic of India. It consists of a medal and a citation and is awarded by
the President of India.
NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA

·        
It was established on 2 january 1954. It ranks behind the Bharat
Ratna and comes before the Padma Bhushan and Padma Shri.
·        
It is awarded to recognize exceptional and distinguished service
to the nation in any field, including government service.
·        
The first recepitants of this award were Satyendra Nath Bose, Nand
Lal Bose, Zakir Hussain, Balasheb Gangadhar Kher, Jigme Dorgi Wangchuk V. K.
Krishna Menon in the year 1954.

PADMA BHUSHAN
NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA
·        
Padma Bhushan is the third highest civilian national award in the
Republic of India, after the Bharat Ratna and the Padma Vibhushan, but comes
before the Padma Shri. It is awarde by the Government of India.
·        
It is awarded to recognize distinguished service of a high order
to the nation, in any field.
PADMA SHRI
·        
Padma Shri is the fourth highest civilian national award in India, after the Bharat Ratna, the Padma Vibhushan and the Padma
Bhushan. It is awarded by the Govenment of India.
NATIONAL AWARDS IN INDIA

·        
It is awarded to citizens of India to recongnize their
distinguished contribution in various spheres of activity including the Arts,
Education, Industry, Literature, Science, Sports, Medicine, Social Service and
Public Affairs. However, it has also been awarded to some distinguished individuals
who were not citizens of India and who did contribute in various ways to India.
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